From Displacement to the Sense of Exile

By Ségolène Payan

In its dawn, twenty and first century is characterized by the migratory flows which animate it. One of the characteristics of the contemporary societies is, indeed, the increase of the geographical mobility of the individuals. These movements do not come true without individual and collective repercussions. The way of seeing of uncalled-for change. His lifestyle is questioned, his aspiration also. Any sound to be can be shaken by the discovery of one somewhere else. This article aims at drawing up an inventory of fixtures of the motives and the lived of certain figures of the movement. Through the taking into consideration of the sociological, psychological and metapsychological aspects of the migratory phenomena, the interface between psyche and culture will be questioned. Abdelkader, Abdoul Aziz, Mamadou, and so many others had to leave their country of origin. Victor’s narratives, those of Hanna and Sigmund show themselves rich in teachings. Finally, the myths also seized of questions relative to the movement. Oedipus and Ulysse constitute symbolic figures of the movement and the exile. All the “uncalled-for” are not however exiles. The exile appears to me to constitute a “failure of the movement” and it is what I am going to try to explain.

  • movement
  • immigration
  • failure(defeat)
  • exile
  • language(tongue)
  • work of exile
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